You probably have come across unique breeds like the Shadow and Yo Gotti bloodline with super-ripped bodies and a towering gait if you are a fan of pitbull dogs. This post discusses all the main pitbull muscle groups and what part they play in motion and overall health.
Why learn about pitbull muscle groups?
If you are a pitbull puppy breeder, this information is for you, especially if you plan to breed prized Pitbulls that can compete at dog shows. For a pitbull owner, learning about the significant pitbull muscles is necessary when considering the best pitbull workouts for your pup. This information will also help you keep your pitbull healthy well into its senior years.
That known, what makes up the pitbull muscle groups?
Pitbull muscle vs. Human muscle structure
There are similarities and differences between the pitbull and human body muscle structures. Like humans, Pitbull’s muscle groups use contraction to initiate limb movement. But in terms of form and function, pitbull muscles are entirely different from those of humans.
Pitbull muscle chart
Main pitbull muscle groups
The chart above shows that there is more than meets the eye when we talk about pitbull muscle gain. Yet, there are only two things you need to remember when identifying the major pitbull muscle groups. They are;
- Upper Trunk/Thoracic Limb muscles
- Lower Trunk/Pelvic limb muscles
Thoracic limb muscles
These are the primary muscles controlling the front limbs. They total to seven and comprise of;
- Biceps brachii
- Triceps brachii
Supraspinatus and infraspinatus make up the shoulder muscles. The supraspinatus pitbull muscle contracts creating an extended shoulder movement. The infraspinatus muscle, on the other hand, controls and supports the shoulder joint during movement.
Pectoral and trapezius muscles control the entire leg movement. The pectoral muscle is responsible for adduction, which is the movement of the limbs toward the midline. The trapezius pitbull muscle controls lateral leg movement and leg elevation.
The Biceps trachea, brachialis, and triceps brachii collectively control the movement and flex of elbows. Also, these three muscles assist the supraspinatus muscles in extending the shoulders during exercise.
Pelvic limb muscles
This pitbull muscle group is responsible for hind leg movement. Similarly, it is a collection of seven main muscles that are;
- Biceps femoris
- Gluteal muscle
- Cranial tibial muscles
- Achilles tendon
The Biceps femoris, semimembranosus, and semitendinosus muscles help extend and flex the hips, tarsus, and stifle. The Gluteal muscle is responsible for extending and moving the hind leg away from the midline.
Achilles tendon and Cranial tibial muscles also help flex the tarsus and stifle. Also, these two muscles help in extending the paw digits.
The thoracic and pelvic limb muscles work in unison to create fluidity and stability during movement.
Types of pitbull muscles
We can further divide the two major muscle groups we mentioned into;
- Skeletal muscles
- Smooth muscles
- Cardiac muscles
Skeletal muscles are made up of tissues and tendons that attach muscle to bone. They are called voluntary muscles because the brain directly controls them. For example, if your pitbull dog wants to run after a toy, the brain sends an impulse to the central nervous system, which is carried to the muscles and triggers forward movement.
Smooth muscles, on the other hand, are a lot different. They are found more profound in the body and mainly control movement in body organs. Smooth muscles are classified as involuntary muscles because they function autonomously. For example, the muscles lining the stomach contract involuntarily to push food downwards.
Cardiac muscles are the main heart muscles. They contract and relax to create a heartbeat and pump blood through the body.
Pitbull muscle composition
Every muscle in a pitbull’s body is an interconnection of protein fibers. Pitbull dogs have two types of muscle fibers;
- Type I
- Type II
Type I muscle is a constitution of dark fibers that respond slower to impulse. These muscle fibers have the most prolonged latency and are responsible for maintaining canine posture.
On the other hand, Type II muscle fibers have quick response and come in handy in controlling swift movements like running or diving. These muscles have the shortest twitch response.
Both Types I and Type II muscle fibers are found in various muscles in a pitbull’s body.
Pitbull muscle movement
All pitbull muscle groups work in synchrony to facilitate movement. No muscle group can act alone to create movement or flexing. The muscles that contract to pull the limbs cannot exert an equally push force. They, therefore, depend on other muscles groups to do the job.
Now for the crucial question.
What muscles do Pitbulls use most when exercising?
The pitbull muscle groups used by your pup depend on the type of activity he is doing. Pitbull dogs love long walks, running, swimming, and tug of war.
Long walks mostly engage the pectoral muscles and rarely the back muscles. The trapezius, biceps, semitendinosus, and gluteal muscles are highly used in this activity. Other muscles used in walking include rib intercostal, rectus abdominus, sartorius, and quadriceps.
Running puts the muscles to work in supporting balance and joint movement. The biceps, triceps, gluteals, and semitendinosus are very engaged in this action. Also, your pitbull pup will rely on additional muscles like longissimus dorsi, latissimus dorsi, epaxial, and sartorius to pick up or maintain running speed.
Swimming creates a lot of resistance in movement. A pit bull dog will engage almost all muscle groups to float or paddle forward. Muscles involved in this activity include the lower trapezius, biceps, triceps, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, semitendinosus, gluteal, epaxial, and deltoids. Other muscles involved are the bicep femoris and quadriceps.
Feed your pitbull’s muscles
Proteins are the building blocks for muscles. If you want your pit bull dog to bulk up, you will have to feed them a healthy diet combined with pet supplements that add more vitamins and minerals to their diet.
A raw diet for dogs enriched with proteins is a proven formula for helping Pitbulls, especially XXL Pitbulls, gain muscle mass. If you cannot balance the proteins, fortifying your dog’s diet with a pet supplement like Bullyade pet supplements ensures that your dog is getting all the necessary amino acids for pitbull muscle gain.